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Tuesday, September 11, 2007


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Design Float

World Trade Center in New York City was a complex of seven buildings in Lower Manhattan, mostly designed by American architect Minoru Yamasaki and Engineer Leslie Robertson and developed by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. It was initiated in 1960 by a Lower Manhattan Association created and chaired by David Rockefeller, who had the original idea of building the Center, with strong backing from the then-New York Governor, his brother Nelson Rockefeller. The World Trade Center, New York, like most all World Trade Centers located around the globe, belonged to the family of World Trade Centers Association. Larry Silverstein held the most recent lease to the complex, the Port Authority having leased it to him in July 2001. The complex, located in the heart of New York City's downtown financial district, contained 13.4 million square feet office space.

Best known for its iconic 110-story twin towers, the World Trade Center was beset by a fire on February 13, 1975 and a bombing on February 26, 1993. Despite the first two disasters, the World Trade Center was a part of New York City's identity and was recognized all over the world as an icon for the United States of America.All of the original buildings in the complex were destroyed in the September 11, 2001 attacks.

Following the destruction of the World Trade Center towers in the September 11, 2001 attacks, there was much debate regarding the future of the World Trade Center site. Proposals began almost immediately, and by 2002, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, organized a competition through the newly created Lower Manhattan Development Corporation to determine how to use the land. Public rejection of the first round of designs, the "Preliminary Design Concepts," led to a second, more open competition in December 2002, the "Innovative Design Study," in which a design by Daniel Libeskind was selected. This design went through many revisions, largely because of disagreements with developer Larry Silverstein, who held the lease to the World Trade Center site on September 11, 2001.

A final design for the tower was formally unveiled on June 28, 2006. To satisfy security issues raised by the New York City Police Department a 187-foot / 57 metres concrete base was added. The final design included plans to clad the base in glass prisms. The final design tapers the corners of the base outward as they rise. The tower will be a "monolithic glass structure reflecting the sky and topped by a sculpted antenna."

By 2012 we may have a completely rebuilt World Trade Center, though the building is projected to be ready for occupancy in the first quarter of 2011. Freedom Tower, as a part of the new construction will be named, will be a symbol of the entire project, as well as marking the memorial, and it occupies a very important piece of New York City property.

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